Hydrofuel Inc. has a very valuable relationship with UOIT and has been
working with UOIT
professors Dr Ibrahim Dincer, Dr Calin Zamfirescu, and their
assistant Yusef Bicer. We have completed two projects with UOIT to
date, the second is a 24 -page study summary being published in the
Journal of Clean Energy is called, "Comparative
Life Cycle Assessment of Various Ammonia Production Methods." It is
a summary of the complete 235 page study, the Mitacs-UOIT-Hydrofuel Inc.
final report, and the two quarterly progress reports. Hydrofuel Inc.
funded this research and this work was supported by Mitacs through the
We are continuing our work with UOIT including a six month phase 2
extension of our present project called, "Comparative
assessment of NH3 production and utilization in agriculture, energy and
utilities, and transportation systems for Ontario”
By June 2016, we will completed Phase 2, which will prove the
economic and technical viability of the new technologies that both UOIT
and Hydrofuel have developed for both retrofit conversion of existing
diesel engines and generators and the next generation of new engine
technologies. In addition, we are doing other work related to the
manufacture of hydrogen from coal, oil sands, shale, and natural gas below
ground to be used to make ammonia above ground on site and leave all the
carbon, sulphur and other contaminants and emissions where they are in
Phase 2 research project - Specific Objectives:
- Oil sand and underground coal gasification based ammonia production
methods will be investigated and green ammonia production from oil sands
and coal reserves will be analyzed comprehensively.
- Microwave dissociation of oil sand will be investigated for ammonia
- Specific applications of chosen ammonia production methods will be
determined based on potential scenarios in Canada.
- Case studies will be conducted for various locations, such as that
low cost hydroelectric based ammonia production opportunities in
Newfoundland and Labrador will be investigated, and an integrated system
will be proposed to assess them thermoeconomically.
- A detailed investigation of stranded natural gas microwave
dissociation of high-pressure liquefied methane into hydrogen gas and
elemental carbon will be investigated.
- Direct ammonia usage opportunities in marine, mining, rail and
transportation applications will be analyzed.
- Comprehensive thermo-economic evaluations of chosen ammonia
production methods will be conducted for various scenarios such as low
cost hydropower and oil sands.
- Experimental investigations of some novel ammonia production methods
through some lab scale prototypes such as SSAS and molten salt based
electrolytic ammonia synthesis will be investigated.
- Lab scale molten salt based ammonia synthesis will be experimentally
Once the second phase of our ongoing research is completed, we will know
which manufacturing and utilization technologies work in different
applications and we will be able to move quickly into developing
commercial opportunities to utilize Hydrofuel's existing retrofit diesel
engine conversion systems while we do parallel development of next
generation technologies already well underway.
- Scale-up of UOIT-patented technology for ammonia decomposition and
separation to generate hydrogen from ammonia for the purposes of
installing the system into a vehicle motor engine. The research project
will build on intellectual property which is owned by UOIT: Patent
US8272353, CA 2654823 “Methods and Apparatus for Using Ammonia as a
Sustainable Fuel, Refrigerant and NOx Reduction”.
- Develop a pre-commercial prototype of a reliable ammonia-water heat
engine for power, heating and cooling generation using low-grade heat.
This research will build on intellectual property which is owned by
(pending) US 20140053544A1, CA 2824759A1, “Heat Engine System for
Power and Heat Generation”.
- Develop prototype(s) for solid state ammonia synthesis and direct
ammonia fuel cells. This research will build on background intellectual
property of Dr. Dincer’s research group at UOIT.