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Hydrofuel Inc. has a very valuable relationship with UOIT and has been working with UOIT professors Dr Ibrahim Dincer, Dr Calin Zamfirescu, and their assistant Yusef Bicer.  We have completed two projects with UOIT to date, the second is a 24 -page study summary being published in the Journal of Clean Energy is called, "Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Various Ammonia Production Methods." It is a summary of the complete 235 page study, the Mitacs-UOIT-Hydrofuel Inc. final report, and the two quarterly progress reports. Hydrofuel Inc. funded this research and this work was supported by Mitacs through the Mitacs-Accelerate Program.”

We are continuing our work with UOIT including a six month phase 2 extension of our present project called, "Comparative assessment of NH3 production and utilization in agriculture, energy and utilities, and transportation systems for Ontario

By June 2016, we will completed Phase 2, which will prove the economic and technical viability of the new technologies that both UOIT and Hydrofuel have developed for both retrofit conversion of existing diesel engines and generators and the next generation of new engine technologies. In addition, we are doing other work related to the manufacture of hydrogen from coal, oil sands, shale, and natural gas below ground to be used to make ammonia above ground on site and leave all the carbon, sulphur and other contaminants and emissions where they are in situ.

Phase 2 research project - Specific Objectives:

  • Oil sand and underground coal gasification based ammonia production methods will be investigated and green ammonia production from oil sands and coal reserves will be analyzed comprehensively.
  • Microwave dissociation of oil sand will be investigated for ammonia production.
  • Specific applications of chosen ammonia production methods will be determined based on potential scenarios in Canada.
  • Case studies will be conducted for various locations, such as that low cost hydroelectric based ammonia production opportunities in Newfoundland and Labrador will be investigated, and an integrated system will be proposed to assess them thermoeconomically.
  • A detailed investigation of stranded natural gas microwave dissociation of high-pressure liquefied methane into hydrogen gas and elemental carbon will be investigated.
  • Direct ammonia usage opportunities in marine, mining, rail and transportation applications will be analyzed.
  • Comprehensive thermo-economic evaluations of chosen ammonia production methods will be conducted for various scenarios such as low cost hydropower and oil sands.
  • Experimental investigations of some novel ammonia production methods through some lab scale prototypes such as SSAS and molten salt based electrolytic ammonia synthesis will be investigated.
  • Lab scale molten salt based ammonia synthesis will be experimentally realized.

Once the second phase of our ongoing research is completed, we will know which manufacturing and utilization technologies work in different applications and we will be able to move quickly into developing commercial opportunities to utilize Hydrofuel's existing retrofit diesel engine conversion systems while we do parallel development of next generation technologies already well underway.

  1. Scale-up of UOIT-patented technology for ammonia decomposition and separation to generate hydrogen from ammonia for the purposes of installing the system into a vehicle motor engine. The research project will build on intellectual property which is owned by UOIT: Patent US8272353, CA 2654823 “Methods and Apparatus for Using Ammonia as a Sustainable Fuel, Refrigerant and NOx Reduction”.

  2. Develop a pre-commercial prototype of a reliable ammonia-water heat engine for power, heating and cooling generation using low-grade heat. This research will build on intellectual property which is owned by UOIT: Patent (pending) US 20140053544A1, CA 2824759A1, “Heat Engine System for Power and Heat Generation”.

  3. Develop prototype(s) for solid state ammonia synthesis and direct ammonia fuel cells. This research will build on background intellectual property of Dr. Dincer’s research group at UOIT.
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