UOIT & Hydrofuel Inc. - Diesel Generator Alternatives
Conclusions of UOIT's Diesel Generator Alternatives Report:
The following remarks are noted based on the calculations and
- As the global warming and energy issues become important topics to be
considered for the future of remote communities, alternative solutions
for power and heat generation need to be investigated.
- Currently, diesel generators running on diesel are utilized for
Northwestern Ontario remote communities. This is one of the most
expensive and environmentally damaging option.
- First Nations request and propose a 1,500 km power transmission line
to the remote communities instead of diesel generators which is a high
- The significance of distributed power generation is emphasized in many
studies throughout the world. Hence, producing power and heat via
stand-alone facilities are being encouraged by the governments and
- As an alternative and sustainable fuel, ammonia, can be utilized in
the diesel generators by minor modifications. Ammonia has no greenhouse
gas emission during utilization in the diesel generators. Hence, it is
the most environmentally benign fuel among other alternatives.
- Transportation and storage of ammonia is already available and
well-known since it is the second largest produced chemical in the
world. This implies that instead of diesel, ammonia can easily be
transported and stored.
- Ammonia can be produced on-site using renewable energy resources such
as wind, solar and hydropower which are already available in these
remote communities. This brings minimum transportation cost. However,
diesel needs to be transported for long distances.
- The operation of diesel engines with fuel ammonia has the lowest cost
based on the current market prices. Considering the technology
development of ammonia production, the cost of ammonia will continue to
decrease which will bring additional reductions in total cost.
- Production and utilization of ammonia in diesel generators have
significantly lower environmental impacts in terms of climate change and
- As a result, ammonia usage in remote communities for power and heat
production will bring significant cost and environmental benefits
together with public satisfaction.